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General
Meta data ID {15893DD0-0193-40AD-9E21-452D271DB791}
Last modified 2018-12-18T10:50:30
Dataset creators
Contact person
First name Jari
Last name Koskiaho
Email jari.koskiaho@ymparisto.fi
Organisation SYKE
Dataset creators
First name Elina
Last name Röman
Organisation Inkoon kunta
Dataset creators
First name Jari
Last name Koskiaho
Organisation SYKE
Dataset creators
First name Risto
Last name Uusitalo
Organisation Luke
Dataset creators
First name Riitta
Last name Lemola
Organisation Luke
Dataset creators
First name Jaana
Last name Uusi-Kämppä
Organisation Luke
Dataset creators
First name Eila
Last name Turtola
Organisation Luke
Dataset creators
First name Perttu
Last name Virkajärvi
Organisation Luke
Dataset creators
First name Mari
Last name Räty
Organisation Luke
Project
Project name Ravinteiden kierrätys alkutuotannossa ja sen vaikutukset vesien tilaan – KiertoVesi
Project funder MMM/Maatilatalouden kehittämisrahasto (MAKERA)
Description
Basic information
Dataset title Sediment and nutrient loading to surface waters in 3 different scales
Theme Maatalous
Description In agriculture, nutrient streams eddy from field blocks to receiving waterbodies as part of the hydrologic cycle. In the waterways, the nutrients circulate through the sediments, organisms and vegetation, and partly end up into the water again and flow into the next waterbody and finally into the sea. Agricultural nutrient fluxes in different scales have been studied and monitored since 1980s in i) experimental fields (e.g. Puustinen et al. 2005, Turtola et al. 2007 and Uusi-Kämppä 2005), ii) the small study catchments (Vuorenmaa et al. 2002, Tattari et al., 2017) and iii) large river basins (e.g. Ekholm et al. 2015). Examination of such long-term data compiles phenomena at different scales and their total variations in simultaneous viewing, which is necessary to understand the nature and variation of nutrient flows. On the other hand, this is also necessary for the development of models and for the interlinking of models operating in different scales. Because the data is typically scattered in databases of different institutions or in the possession of individual scientists, it is worthwhile to pool the data together so that their value in the future is much greater than in the present situation. The pooling of data is part of a comprehensive examination of the nutrient cycles in drainage areas, catchments and river basins. Without perception of the importance and effects of these scales, understanding of the connections between agriculture, circular economy and water ecology remain incomplete. Here, data from 6 experimental fields, 12 small study catchments and 32 large river basins in Finland have been compiled separately per each site on yearly and monthly basis including runoff (mm), arithmetic and flow-proportional mean concentrations (mg/l and µg/l), sediment and nutrient loads (kg/ha), cultivation practices (in experimental fields) and weather data (precipitation in mm and temperature in °C.
Language (dataset) suomi
Keyword Sediment
Keyword Nitrogen
Keyword Phosphorus
Keyword Loading
Keyword Scales
Data processing steps
Data processing steps sampling
Description The most common water sampling and runoff measurement method in the experimental fields was tipping bucket system with composite sampling, which was used in Aurajoki, Kotkanoja and Lintupaju experimental fields (see Puustinen et al. 2005, Turtola et al. 2007 and Uusi-Kämppä 2005). In small study catchments both grab and composite water sampling was used. Runoff was most often determined according to water-height measurements with drawing limnigraphs at v-notch weirs and respective stage-discharge relationships (see Vuorenmaa et al. 2002 and Tattari et al. 2017). In large river basins the data for flux calculations was based on grab sampling and discharge measurements made by environmental authorities (see Ekholm et al. 2015).
Additional information (URL) Puustinen et al. (2005): https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S016788090400218X, Turtola et al. (2007): http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi-fe2015090311235, Uusi-Kämppä (2005): https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925857405000224, Vuorenmaa et al. (2002): https://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1015584014417, Tattari et al. (2017): https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10661-017-5791-z, Ekholm et al. (2015): https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10661-015-4417-6
Data processing steps
Data processing steps processing
Description The methods for data processing and calculating the material fluxes were variable. Their descriptions can be found in Puustinen et al. 2005, Turtola et al. 2007 and Uusi-Kämppä 2005 (experimental fields), in Vuorenmaa et al. 2002 and Tattari et al. 2017 (small study catchments) and in Ekholm et al. 2015 (large river basins). Ekholm, P., Rankinen, K., Rita, H., Räike, A., Sjöblom, H., Raateland, A., Vesikko, L., Cano-Bernal, J-E. & Taskinen, A. 2015. Phosphorus and nitrogen fluxes carried by 21 Finnish agricultural rivers in 1985–2006. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 187: 216. Puustinen, M., Koskiaho, J. & Peltonen, K. 2005. Influence of cultivation methods on suspended solids and phosphorus concentrations in surface runoff on clayey sloped fields in boreal climate. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 105(4): 565–579. Tattari, S., Koskiaho, J., Kosunen, M., Lepistö, A., Linjama, J. & Puustinen, M. 2017. Nutrient loads from agricultural and forested areas in Finland from 1981 up to 2010—can the efficiency of undertaken water protection measures seen? Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 189: 95. Turtola, E., Alakukku, L., Uusitalo, R. & Kaseva, A. 2007. Surface runoff, subsurface drainflow and soil erosion as affected by tillage in a clayey Finnish soil. Agricultural and Food Science 16: 332–351. Uusi-Kämppä, J. 2005. Phosphorus purification in buffer zones in cold climates. Ecological Engineering 24(5): 491–502. Vuorenmaa, J., Rekolainen, S., Lepistö, A., Kenttämies, K. & Kauppila, P. 2002. Losses of nitrogen and phosphorus from agricultural and forest areas in Finland during the 1980s and 1990s. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 76: 213–248.
Material time period
Start dat 1981-01-01
End date 2016-12-31
Area
West Bounding Longitude 19.6473
East Bounding Longitude 31.9992
South Bounding Latitude 59.7887
North Bounding Latitude 69.8712
Distribution
Resources
Resource content description The package contains variable length time-series between 1981-2016 of load and conentration information of suspended solids and nutrients from 6 test areas in Finland. The data also contains information about the total discharge and weather (temperature and rainfall). The data is presented in annual and monthly averages.
Web-address (URL) http://tutkimusdata.ymparisto.fi/tutkimusdata/15893DD0-0193-40AD-9E21-452D271DB791/TestArea_KoeKentta.zip
Resources
Resource content description The package contains variable length time-series between 1981-2016 of load and conentration information of suspended solids and nutrients 11 small catchment areas in Finland. The data also contains information about the total discharge and weather (temperature and rainfall). The data is presented in annual and monthly averages.
Web-address (URL) http://tutkimusdata.ymparisto.fi/tutkimusdata/15893DD0-0193-40AD-9E21-452D271DB791/SmallCatchm_PienetValumaA.zip
Resources
Resource content description The package contains variable length time-series between 1981-2016 of load and conentration information of suspended solids and nutrients 33 river catchment areas in Finland. The data also contains information about the total discharge and weather (temperature and rainfall). The data is presented in annual and monthly averages.
Web-address (URL) http://tutkimusdata.ymparisto.fi/tutkimusdata/15893DD0-0193-40AD-9E21-452D271DB791/RiverDischarge_JokiValumaA.zip
Resources
Resource content description Locations of test areas
Web-address (URL) http://tutkimusdata.ymparisto.fi/tutkimusdata/15893DD0-0193-40AD-9E21-452D271DB791/coordinates-koordinaatit_testAreas-koeKentta.csv
Resources
Resource content description Locations of small catchment areas
Web-address (URL) http://tutkimusdata.ymparisto.fi/tutkimusdata/15893DD0-0193-40AD-9E21-452D271DB791/coordinates-koordinaatit_smallCatchm-pienetValumaA.csv
Resources
Resource content description Locations of river discharge areas
Web-address (URL) http://tutkimusdata.ymparisto.fi/tutkimusdata/15893DD0-0193-40AD-9E21-452D271DB791/coordinates-koordinaatit_ricerCatchm-jokiValumaA.csv
Dataset citation
Dataset citation Sediment and nutrient loading to surface waters in 3 different scales/ SYKE

The license for open SYKE's open datasets is Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International.

The data described here can be freely used to all purposes, provided that the source of the data is mentioned.

The citation for the dataset as given above.

Further information on the license:
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode (English)
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode.fi (Finnish)

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